Bais Rajaputras

The Bais Rajput (also known as Wains Rajput in certain regions), are a very powerful and ancient Rajput clan compromising of the wealthy, warriors, entrepreneurs and Zimindar (land owners).

The Bais Rajput are one of the Chattis Rajkul - 36 Royal

BAINS RAJPUT
The Bais Rajput (also known as Bhains Rajput in certain regions), are a very powerful and ancient Rajput clan compromising of the wealthy, warriors, entrepreneurs and Zimindar (land owners).

The Bais Rajput are one of the Chattis Rajkul - 36 Royal Rajput lineages. They were included as Byce Rajputs. a name hardly used now.[1][2] and also a clan of the 108 ancient Dhangar clans.[3][4][5][6][7]

The Bais Rajput have left a strong stamp in South Asian history, paving it with its empires helping the spread of the clan all over the northern half of South Asia. The Bais Rajput can be found pretty much anywhere in parts of north Pakistan and India including many of the most remote parts of Kashmir.

The Bais Rajput are renowned as warriors and the ability to maintain dominion over many of their empires. Their eminent reputation was earned by many of their kings and leaders that ruled over northern India for centuries under empires, kingdoms and ownership of mass land amongst the clan.

“ The Bais pride themselves in being the most enterprising, the wealthiest, the best housed, and the best dressed people in Oudh.

Etymology
“Bais Rajput” (Hindi बैंस राजपूत, Urdu راجپوت بھینس, pronounced [ˈbɛ̃ːs ˈraːdʒpuːt̪]) means “one who occupies the soil” [10] meaning owners of mass land (Zimindar). The clans name originates from Sanskrit and also is phonetically translated as Bhains from Sanskrit to the English. The pronunciation of the clan name: Bhains is mostly used widely to the west of northern South Asia while the Hindi pronunciation Bais is more commonly used in eastern and central areas.

The original ancient pronunciation was Bhaiñs or Baiñs with the nasally pronounced ‘n’.[11] As with most words, over centuries the name was subject to distortion via pronunciation and accent and so today, in the area of Oudh the pronunciation has found its was to be pronounced with out the nasally pronounced ‘n’. Evidence for this can be seen in the ancient texts such as Dhangar texts and texts from the time of Harshavardhana which were written a long time before the Bais Rajputs gradually adopted the pronunciation of Bais.

The pronunciation and phonetic spelling Bais was coined around after the takeover of Oudh and is predominantly used in north western India and some parts of the Punjab in both India & Pakistan. It was accepted as the official pronunciation in Hindi and the official pronunciation and spelling in English by the British observers because it was how it was mainly pronounced in Baiswara were the observers discovered the Bais Rajputs.

Also spelt:

Bhaisade Rajput
Bayas Rajput
Bhais Rajput
Byce Rajput
Bhains Rajput
Bhainse Rajput
Bains Rajput
Bens Rajput
Bheunseh Rajput
Baise Rajput
Bes Rajput
The word Bhains is pronounced [bʱɛ̃ːs].

History and origin
Area of where the Bais Rajput reside in South Asia. The darker the red, the denser the population of Bais Rajputs per sq/km.The Bais Rajputs are considered to be Suryavanshi. They are an ancient Hindu warrior caste. Their eponymous ancestor was Gautamiputra Satakarni also known as Shalivahana, the king of Shalikot presently known as Sialkot in Pakistan. Shalivahana is the mythic son of a snake who conquered the great Raja Vikramaditya of Ujjain in 55 AD and established his own area. The clan claims to have come from Manji Paithan in the Dekhan in 78 AD when Shalivahana was king.[10] This was the Saka era and Shalivahana was the leader of the Saka nomads who invaded Gujarat on two occasions before and shortly after the beginning of the Christian era.[10] It makes sense for Shesh-Vansh to be called Suryavanshi because they are descendants of Lakshman Ji, brother of Sri Rama, who is believed to be an avtar of Sheshnag.

The Bais Rajput come in the list of castes in the super caste known as the Dhangar Rajput, formed by wealthy Kshatriyas who moved to the regions of Punjab( now Himachal Pradesh and Haryana ) and Azad Kashmir and settled there.

The Bais Rajputs are now a numerous clan and have given their name to an extensive district Baiswada in the Doab, the land between the Ganges and Yamuna. They are found all over the Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Bais Rajput means ‘one who occupies the soil’ [10] meaning owners of mass lands, making them wealthy as well as warriors.

The Bais Rajput come under the list of the super Rajput caste: the ‘Dhangar’ meaning ‘who is wealthy’. These Dhangar Rajput Kshatriyas, during times of hardship, migrated from origins in the Indian state of Maharashtra to hills and forests in The Hill States of Punjab and Azad Kashmir. Few Bais clans remain in modern day India’s Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh as Hindu Bais rajputs. Clans in Jammu and Kashmir, irrespective of the religion are discriminated againgst for not being orgnally from the region. Most in Hilly areas have taken up farming and are living a backward life. These things unsaid, majority of Central Indian, UP and Bihar Bais and Pakistan Bais Rajputs enjoy a high social place in the society.

[3]

The Ain-i-Akbari describes them as being a proud, refractory and domineering race of Rajputs, living in the Basim Sircar and, with numerous armed forces, occupying the forts and controlling the surrounding districts.[12][13][14]

“ Proud, refractory and domineering race of Rajputs, living in the Basim Sircar and, with numerous armed forces, occupying the forts and controlling the surrounding districts. ”
— From Ain-i-Akbari [12][13][14]

As listed in the list of Dhangar clans in India[3][4][5][6]:

Note: In the text Bais is spelt in ancient pronunciation spelling Bhains
Bhains:

Lineage(Vansh): Suryavanshi

Kul Gotra: Bhains

Rishi Gotra: Bharadwaj

Surnames:

Bais
Byce
Bhains (Baniya),
Baruliya (Badheliya),
Beunse (Vense)
Basade (Bhainsale),
Kati (Kataha),
Katheriya,
Kathabhains,
Tilokchandi
Bais are considered also to be Nagvanshi. Baiswara is group of 365 villages comprising mostly Bais clansmen. King of Thanesar Harshvardhan united the whole nation and chose his capital as Kannauj.

Reputation
The Bais Rajput, over centuries, have gained a reputation in many positions such as: on the battle field, in wealth and in the modern day and age: in sports.

[edit] On the battlefieldIt is well known that the Rajputs are renowned for their warfare but some are more so then others; the Bais Rajput fit directly into that category. Since the beginning of the Rajput era to the days of the British Raj, the Bais Rajput fought extensively in many wars for their own cause and the cause of their allies. This can be seen clearly in historical evidence such as during the time of the Bais Rajput king Harsha and his empire for which many battles with the Gupta empire were fought and won, in the taking over of Oudh and certain parts of northern India from the Bhars, in the rise of the Mughals and the days of the Colonial India.

At the time of the Mughals the Bais Rajput were given a special title to honour their warlike and brave nature they were named the Bhale Sultan meaning Lords of the spear.[15]

The reputation of the clan can be estimated by analysing historical references. According to tribal tradition in Sultanpur about half a millennia ago Rae Barar, the son of Amba Rae, brother of the then Raja of Morarmau, commanded a troop of cavalry entirely from the Bais Rajput clan, in the imperial service and was deputed to exterminate the troublesome Bhars, (whom the Bais Rajput had already defeated to gain Oudh), in the Isauli Pargana. Having accomplished his mission he returned to Delhi and presented himself at the head of his troop before the Emperor, who, struck with their manly bearing, exclaimed “Ao, Bhale Sultan!”: “Come, spears of the Sultan!”.[15][16][17] During the days of the British Raj the Bais Rajput became particularly famous for their skills in tank building for the use of their own armies. Their Rajas and aristorats were recorded building tanks around 1730 and again in 1780.[9]

In the 1800s a ban was imposed on all Bais Rajputs in participating in any warfare for any cause other than the cause of the Bais Rajputs themselves.

At the time of Tilokchand, the eponymous hero of the Bais Rajputs the Bais Rajput were at a peak or Arooj. They were brought to the limelight in many different ways, mainly in power.

“ …an exceptionally powerful set of local kingships emerged from the time of the legendary Raja Tilok Chand in the 13th century… ”
— From Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars By C. A. Bayly [9]

The Bais Rajput also played a major part in the Indian Mutiny of 1857 fighting on both sides.

Wealth,
The Bais Rajput (in some cases to this day) are a very wealthy tribe in terms of how they dressed, ate, their homes and the money and land to their name. This was due to them being Zimindar and also mainly due to them being experienced entrepreneurs. The Bais Rajput had a strong hold of the economic situation of India throughout history. When times were hard they would turn to trade making them skilled merchants and extremely rich. They excelled in the trade of anything that they could get their hands on. Anything that was worth trading and would bring pleasing profits the Bais Rajputs were prepared to trade. When war was not afoot the Bais Rajputs looked towards trade as side occupation to their noble identity.

“ 'Traded various goods as varied as ‘elephants from Tipperah and shawls from Cashmere’ ”
— From Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars By C. A. Bayly [9]

Not only did the Bais Rajput trade, but the economy of the northern half of modern day India and the west of modern day Pakistan played in the hands of the Bais Rajput. The Bais Rajputs also accomplished a reputation in finance. They were well known money lenders. Because they had the money to lend, they would lend the money almmost becoming a banking system in the areas they were dominant.

“ Influence on the growth of money economy around the 1830s by money lending ”
— From Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars By C. A. Bayly [9]

The Bais Rajput became so rich at a time it is recorded that each Bais Rajput held Lakhs (Hundreds of thousands) of rupees a piece which could buy them nearly anything. To hold this amount of money you would have to have been extremely rich.

“ Rich local Bais Rajput money lenders held Lakhs of rupees apiece ”
— From Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars By C. A. Bayly [9]

This wealth caused the Bais Rajput to become the “best dressed and housed people”[9] in the areas they resided. This had an influence on the areas of Baiswara and beyond as recorded the whole area between Baiswara and Fyzabad was:

“ …prospered and well cultivated ”
— From Butter, Southern Districts, p39–42 [9]

Once the Bais Rajput had gained respect in the financial world it didn’t stop. Luck stroke for the Bais Rajputs and they became richer and richer making them richer than the average Rajput clans.

“ By 1830s the Bais Rajput gave evidence of several generations of increased prosperity. ”

Zimindar,
The Bais Rajput clan’s identity is based on them being the ones who occupy the soil. They are very dominant zimindar in the areas that they reside. A zimindar is he who owns extreme masses of land, a classic estimate would be “as far as the eyes can see”.

In these masses of lands many towns were erected but there still remained vast amounts of lands wasteful as they were not being used for any cause. The Bais Rajputs then decided in making money from these lands by agriculture. They hired many farmers to work the lands and produced profits adding to their already rich positions in wealth.

“ A good example of agricultural intensification is to be found in the land of the Bias Rajputs. ”
— From Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars By C. A. Bayly [9]

The Bais Rajputs unusually famous for well building.[9] They ordered the building of many wells that are being used still to the present day all over South Asia especially in areas of Oudh, Lucknow and the villages around Mangla Dam.
Politics,
Bais Rajputs play a part in politics around the world. They play a major part in politics in Azad Kashmir, Pakistani Punjab and India but it does not stop there. Wherever the Bais Rajput have migrated out of Southern Asia they have had an influence in politics on a local and official level such as in Canada and the United Kingdom.

A notable Indian Bais Rajput politician would be Ramesh Bais.

Notable Bais Rajputs,
Royalty
Tilokchand - Hindu Indian King & eponymous hero of the Bais Rajput
Chandrika Bux Singh - Hindu Indian King and Freedom Fighter
Babu Rao Ram Bux Singh - Hindu Indian Freedom fighter
Prabhakar Vardhan - Indian King of northern South Asia
Harshavardhana - Hindu Indian Emperor of northern India
Rajyavardhan - Indian King of Thanesar
Prabhakar Vardhan - Hindu Indian Emperor
Rajya Vardhan - Hindu India King of Thaneser
Raja Abhay Chand - Hindu Indian King of Bais dynasty
Anand Deo Rajput - Hindu Indian King of Malwa, Nahrwala, Mahrat, Dakhin and Birar.[21]
Thakur Ranjeet Bahadur Singh- In Second world war he got VEER CHAKR & honured by British Queen in Barmingham Palace again he joind Azad Hind Fauj and fought for Indian freedon with NetaJI, Garhi Dularai, Raebareli
Thakur Baljeet Singh-Indian King Of Patliputra(Bhojpur)
Raja Rao Ram Baks Singh - worrier of 1857 indendence, hanged by Britis rulers on 28 December 1857 at Baksar(Unnao-U.P)
Sir raja ram pal singh - ruler of kurri sudauli state in raebareily,was the first bains ruler to get the title of (KCIE) from the queen, and then the title of Sir.he was one of the founder,s of udai pratap college, benaras Hindu university.
Thakur Navneet Singh of Kotwa Allahabad- BAGI (1857 freedom fighter) after killing an English man joined the Hazrat Begum of lucnow and never returned
Sports,
Dhyan Chand Singh - Indian Hockey player
Roop Singh Bais - Indian Hockey player
Ashok Kumar Singh - Indian Hockey Player
Chandrashekhar - Indian Hockey player
Pradeep Kumar Singh- Indian Hockey player
Army
Retd. Sub. Major Man Bahal Singh Bais, DOB 20th Oct.1915, Tenure with Indian Army - 1941 to 1968, Served in 2nd World War & Indo China War, 95 years old, living happily in Jaipur, Rajastha, India

Leaders and politicians,
Mardan Singh - Sikh Indian Bais Rajput leader
Arman Singh - Sikh Indian Bais Rajput leader
Ramesh Bais - Hindu Indian political activist
Ram Lallu Bais - Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MP
Jagbali Prasad Bais - Hindu BSP MP
Raja Krishna pal singh - of kurri sudauli, jansangh ( MLA )for 15 yrs from sataon, raebareilly
Kr Mahendra Pratap Singh Bains - of Kurri Sudauli, Hindu President,of rajput maha sabha lucknow.
Surendra Bahadur singh-BJP Raebareilly fromer General seceretry of Mazdoor Snagh for pan India
Major Vishal Singh Bais - an army officer from the Dogra Regi
'Dr Pradip Kumar Singh M.A, B.Ed. M.Ed. Ph.D., D M E.- An Indian Air Force Soldier who fought the war of Kargil. Actually from Hridayapatti dist mau UP. settled in ARA Bihar a politician family.
Ramanand singh, Principal sarthua High school, Ara, Dist -Bhojpur , Bihar, a reknound teacher from Bhojpur dist commanly known as Singh ji, Cotact at Jagdeo nagar, Ara street no -3.
Ajay Pratap Singh leader of bahujan samaj Party Kanpur U.P.

Media and entertainmJagdeep Singh Bais - ETV bureau chief Bhopal
Krishna Singh Bais
Anjhula Singh Bais, supermodel and media personality, psychologist
Virender Singh Bais web designer and graphics designer, jaipur
Ashish Singh Bais, Aaj Takent

Bais Rajput and religion,
In the modern day and age the clan consists of two major religious groups: Hindus and Muslims. There are also Sikh and Buddhist Bais Rajput but this is a minority in comparison to the latter two.

The Bais Rajput started of as Hindus as did all in when the cast system came into place a very long time ago in India. Even so today there are very many Hindu Bais Rajput as over half Bais Rajput are Hindu. Directing from the lineage of the Kshatriyas the Bais Rajput claim to be descendent of many Hindu gods.

As Islam spread over India quite a few areas in the dynasty of the Bais Rajput converted in the 14th and 15th century and still to this day remain Muslims. Also with the move of many to the Hill States/parts of Himachal of Punjab and Azad Kashmir most if not all converted to Islam as Islam was the dominant religion in the area. With the coming of the Mughals the many Bais Rajputs also accepted the invitation from Islam.

Some Muslim Bais Rajput Thakurs experience problems in expressing their Thakur identity following the religion of Islam as it does not allow one to be self extravagant and flamboyant in acts. They form part of the larger Khanzada community in Awadh.[25]

There have been prominent Sikh Bais Rajput and most Sikh Bais Rajput reside in the state of Punjab, Himachal, Haryana India. The Buddhist also had influence on many Bais Rajputs such as Harsha, there are very few if any Buddhist Bais Rajputs. Other religions also include: Animists and followers of the Bahá’í faith

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