Tomar / Tanwar Rajaputras: Origin, Migrations & Settlement


Arjunayanas [1]

Historian Dasratha Sarma mentions Tomaras or Tomar Rajputs as mentioned in the Puranas (composed during Gupta era) as living somewhere in the north in that part of Punjab adjoining northeastern Rajasthan [2] [3]. The Tomar Rajputs claim ancestory from Kshemak,a descendant of Janmjeya, son of Parikshit and great-grandson of Arjun. Owing to ancestory from Arjun and their geography around ancient Indraprastha, they are speculated to have originated in Arjunayanas or Arjunavayanas. . In the Allahabad Pillar Inscription of Samudragupta (c. 335 – c. 380 CE), the Arjunayanas figure among the autonomous political communities bordering on the Gupta Empire who accepted the overlordship of Samudragupta. They are also mentioned in Bṛhat Saṃhitā of Varahamihira (6th century CE)[4][5].

I. Tomar Dynasty of Anangpradesh-Delhi

Lal Kot, Mehrauli, Delhi was constructed by Anangpal Tomar - II (1051-1061 CE) Source : here [6]

In early medieval History, Kurukshetra was called Samant. Emperor Harshwardhan Vaish of the Vaish Rajputra [7] clan ruled from Thaneswar in Kurukshetra district, before shifting his capital to Kannauj. After Harsha’s death in 647 AD, this region was not part (Ang) of any Empire, and hence was also called Anang pradesh [8]. A Kashmiri army briefly conquered Kurukshetra in 733 but were unable to establish dominion here, after which Tomars rose.

As per Kumon-Garhwal manuscript , Khadag Rai’s Gwalior manuscript , and Abu Fazil’s Bikaner manuscript, Raja Jaula Tomar alias Bilhandev was the first Tomar Rajput chief who established himself in the Kurukshetra-Karnal region circa 736 CE [9]. He became Anangpala I - it was a title which meant “ruler of Anangpradesh[10].

Tomar territories included present day Delhi and Haryana [11]. The undated Pehoa Inscription (Pehoa, Pehoa tehsil, Karnal) discusses four generations of a Tomar family. It states that Jaula Tomara (736-754 CE), the first in the list, became prosperous by serving an unnamed king [12] , speculated to be Nagbhatt Parihar I. As per oral folklores collected by Alexander Cunningham, Jaula Tomar alias Anangpal-I had twenty sons who established many villages in this tract, like Shishpal Tomar established Siswal (tehsil Adhampur, Hisar), Indrapal Tomar established Indergarh (tehsil Lakhan Majra, Rohtak) and Drupad Tomar established Hansi [13] . This way they consolidated their power in this tract.

The earliest epigraphic reference to a Tomar, is made in Gallaka’s inscription dtd 795 CE, which refers to a Tomara Vyaghr, a contemporary of Vatsaraj Parihar (r.c. 780-800 CE), in late 8th century CE [14]. This Vyaghr was one of many grandsons of Anangpal-I and was a general indicated by the pharse from the inscription “prowess of whose arm was manifest[15].

As per Pehoa inscription, Juala’s another son was Tomar Vajrata, whose son was Jajjuka, and whose son was Gogga . This Goga Tomar alongwith his step-brothers Purnraja and Devaraja constructed three Vishnu temples at Pehowa on banks of Saraswati [16]. The Pehoa Inscription names some Mahendrapal, which some assume to be Mahendrapal Parihar, but it is incorrect[17]. This Tomar Vajrata was a feudal of Parihar rulers at Isagarh (Ashoknagar) in Chambal.

Raja Anangpal-I was followed by his eldest son Raja Vasudev Tomar and grandson Raja Gangdev.Raja Gangdev was followed by Raja Prithvimal Tomar.

Surajkund, Faridabad, was established by Surajpal Tomar Ref: here

Death of Yashovarman (725–752 CE) of Kannauj invited a Tripartite Struggle between Imperial Parihars, Imperial Rashtrakuts and Imperial Palas which lasted almost two centuries.
NOTE:- The presence of Rathore rajputs and Gaur rajputs across Northern plains, is a result of northward movement of Rashtrakuts and eastward movement of Palas during this period.However,this restricted the Tomar Rajputs to Haryana. Raja Prithvimal Tomar (794-814 CE) accepted nominal suzerainty of the Dharampala [18]. Raja Udayraja Tomar(845-875 CE) became fully independent as the Palas declined and his successor Aprrichhdeo Tomar (875-897 CE) issued his own coins [19]. However this independence was short-lived as the end of Tripartite struggle saw Imperial Parihar victory and change of capital to Kannauj under Mihirbhoj Parihar.
While Delhi’s Tomar leadership accepted suzerainty of Imperial Parihars,the ambitions of their Sambhar Chauhan (another feudatory of Imperial Parihars) neighbours caused them several reversals. According to the Harsha stone inscription (dtd 1030 CE), Sambhar’s Chandanaraj Chauhan (890-917 CE) defeated a Tomar Rudra [20]. This Rudra Tomar was a subordinate at Patan under Raja Pipalraja/Bibasapal Tomar (897-919 CE) and a relative of Gogga Tomar [21].
Similarly, Tomar Salavana of Lavankheda, under Raja Gopaldev Tomar (961-979 CE) was defeated by Raja Simharaj Chauhan (944-971 CE)[22]. This was probably because Lavankheda ,Patan was the western frontier of Tomar territory touching the territories of Sambhar Chauhans.

Raja Salakshanpal Tomar (979-1005 CE) issued his coins and his territory also included parts of Chambal [23] , he was followed by Jaypal Tomar (1005-1021 CE) who in his career resisted many Ghaznavid raids from Haryana to Mathura [24] - Mathura was also part of Jaypal Tomar’s domain [25].

Raja Jaypal Tomar was followed by Raja Kanwarpal (1021-1051 CE), who had a turbulent history. Around 1037 CE, Masood Ghaznavi’s son Majood invaded Tomars’ Asigarh Fort (Hansi) and Sonepat, but with Masood Ghaznavi’s death, his family saw internal rivalry and murders.This interrim, helped Raja Kanwarpal Tomar conquer Hansi and Sonepat again and extend his domain to Nagarkot (near Kangra) in 1042 [26]. However, Kumarpal fought his last battle in 1051 CE defending Nagarkot vainly, where he attained martyrdom [27] .

Anangpal Dam, 19.8 m in height and 101.2 m long, was built by Anangpal-II Ref: Gov of Haryana

Anangpal Tomar-II (1051-1081 CE), was the last of the illustrious rulers of this dynasty. He established Lal Kot,(Mehroli, Delhi) [28] and as per his contemporary Shridhar’s Parshwanath Charit, he defeated Turks led by Ibrahim Ghaznavi at Rupal (Nurpur, Himachal) [29]. It is not certain when the pillar was moved to Delhi from its original location. Alexander Cunningham attributed the relocation to the Tomara king Anangpal, based on the short pillar inscription ascribed to this king[30]. Pasanaha Chariu , an 1132 CE Jain Apabhramsha text composed by Vibudh Shridhar affirms this.

NOTE:- Raja Anangpal-II Tomar had only three sons - of which Raja Tejpal-I (1081-1105 CE) succeded him at Delhi , while the other two - Salivahan Tomar and migrated Amji Tomar to Rajasthan, conquering Patan and Runecha respectively.

Decline of Imperial Parihars of Kannauj, as a consequent of Ghaznavid invasions, helped transform Sambhar Chauhans to Imperial power in the region.

The next rulers were Tejpal Tomar(1081-1105 CE) and Mahipal Tomar (1105-1130 CE). Raja Mahipal established Mahipalpur village,which is an urban village 3 kms from Indira Gandhi International Airport [31]. Mukundpal Tomar (1130-1151 CE) was the last sovereign Tomar ruler of Delhi, after which Tomars became feudatories of Chauhans under Emperor Vigrahraja IV. By this time, the relations of Chauhans and Tomars became increasingly friendly and cordial. The Dravya-Pariksha (1318 CE) of Thakkura Pheru mentions the coins of Madanapala (1151-1167 CE) , Prithvipala (1167- 1189 CE) and the last ruler, Chahadapala(1189-1192 CE) , which shows that the Delhi’s Tomars accepted Sambhariya Chauhan suzerainty only nominally [32]. Tomars under Chahadapala fought alongside the Chauhans in the First Battle of Taraori (1191 CE) where they routed the Ghurids and attained martyrdom in the unfortunate Second Battle of Taraori (1192 CE). Evicted from Delhi, Tejpala-II (1192-11193 CE) regrouped the Tomars to take back their home, but was slained by Qutbuddin Aibak. Under his successor, Achalbrahm Tomar ,most Tomar Rajputs of Delhi migrated to another ancient Tomar tract - Aisa (Ambah, Morena) [33].

II. Tomars of Himachal

1. PATHANIA tomars

Norpur Fort Source: here

Jethpal Tomar , also called Bhupal [34], the brother of Raja Jaypal Tomar (1005-1021 CE) of Delhi, led a faction of Tomars to Paithan or Pratisthan (present day Pathankot in Punjab)[35] in early 11th century. This khaap of Tomars became Pathania - belonging to Paithan. As feudatories of Delhi, they assisted Kanwarpal Tomar and later Anangpal-II in their battles with Ghaznavids and in the conquest of Nagarkot.
Local conquests, brought into their domain, areas of neighbouring Himachalpradesh, namely - Dhameri State (later Nurpur). Raja Bakhtmal (1513-1558 CE) constructed Shahpur Fort [36] and fought for Sikander Suri against Akbar. Raja Basumal (1580-1613 CE) founded the Dhameri Fort (or Nurpur Fort) and shifted the capital from Paithan to Dhameri [37]. Raja Surajmal(1613-1618 CE) tried delaying the siege of Kot Kangra by attacking and destroying the Jagir of Empress Nur Jehan’s father and invaded the Isral Fort and died in Chamba. [38]. He was succeded by his brother Jagatsingh Pathania (1618-1646 CE), who established the Taragarh Fort [39]. He served under Mirza Raja Jai Singh I at Bust and Zaman-i-Dawar but started his own rebellion in 1640-42 against Shah Jehan.
Ramsingh Pathania, the wazir of Nurpur collected an army of Pathanias and Katochs ejecting the British from Nurpur and helped young Jaswantsingh Pathania become the new king. The British invaded, Ramsingh was arrested and sent to Rangoon where he died at 24 [40].

Lt Col Anant Singh Pathania received Mahavir Chakra in 1947 and Lt Col Kaman Singh Pathania, Mahavir Chakra recepient in 1948, were from Kangra. Lt Col Kaman Singh Pathania was from Surajpur village, Indora tehsil,Kangra.

Photo Credit: The War Decorated India Trust

2. JARRAL tomars

Jirrao Tomar migrated from Kurukshetra to North Punjab in 10th century and established a principality in Kalanaur village (Kalanaur tehsil, Gurdaspur), he became ancestor to the Jarral branch of Tomar rajputs [41]. A section of Jarrals migrated further to Rajauri (Rajapuri) in Jammu-Kashmir under Saabsimha and replaced the Paul dynasty by 1174 - this section embraced Islam under Raja Neelsimha alias Nooruddin. They ruled for seven centuries until replaced until 1846 Amritsar Pact, transferre power to the Jamwals.

Jaral Muslim Rajas rebuilt Rajouri city during their rule. The area of Rajouri principality comprised proper Rajouri, Thanna, Bagla Azim Garh, Darhal, Behrote, Chingus, Nagrota and Phalyana etc. These Muslim Rajas were very liberal and accommodating. Raja Azmat Ullahwas having Hindu Minister of Mehta family of Rajouri. Hindu Rajputs were given preference at the time of employment in armed forces [42].

While Muslim Jarrals live in Pakistani side of Jammu-Kashmir., Hindu Jarrals live in Gurdaspur, Kangra, Rohtak. Ghill Zamindari (teh Bhalessa, Doda) belongs to the present head of Hindu Jarrals.

3. Apart from Pathania tomars with origins in Paithan, there are several other Tomar Rajputs who migrated from Tonvaravati (Rajasthan) and Haryana in later centuries. The Beja state in Solan was by one such family

4. Rani Garhi , one of Garhwal’s 52 garhis, was under Khati Tomars, who still reside in Garhwal. Similarly, Butola Rawats of Pauri Garhwal are also Tomars.

III. Tomars of Chambal

Raja Dungersimha(1425-59) & Raja Kirtisimha Tomar(1459-80) patronized Gopachal rock-cut monuments , source: here

The tract covering Morena, Bhind and Gwalior districts, is termed Tomarghar, for its high population of Tomar Rajputs [43]. Aisa (tehsil Ambah, Morena) in Chambal, had a Tomar presence since the days of Vajrata Tomar, Anangpal-I’s son, in service of Parihar Emperors in 8th century. Even genealogies affirm that many Tomar rajputs, including princes, often migrated to Chambal. Eg. Sons of Raja Kanwarpal Tomar (1021-1051 CE) - Bacchdeo Tomar established village Baghor (teh Sihawal, dist. Sidhi) and Nagdev Tomar established Nagda (Guna tehsil, Guna).

1. Inda tomars or Indoliya, Nihal tomars

Similarly many descendants of Indrapal Tomar (s/o Bilhandeo Anangpal-I) - Indoliya/Inda tomars migrated to Chambal from Indergarh (Rohtak). They are also found in Jhansi, Agra and Dholpur.

Dholpur Tomar Dynasty

Dhawaldeva Tomar, alias Dholandev, established Dhawalpuri (Dholpur) as early as 1005 AD [44] [Ref:] between the Chambal and Banganga rivers. He was an Inda /Inda tomar i.e. descendant of Indrapal Tomar of Indergarh. This dynasty of Tomar chiefs, remained vassals of many imperial powers before becoming vassals of their brethren, Gwalior Tomars. The last ruler Vinayakdev Tomar (1473-1502), a vassal of Gwalior Tomar dynasty, successfully resisted Bahlol Lodi but was defeated by Sikander Lodi [45]. They are survived by Kayasthpada zamindars of Dholpur who are head of Dholpur Tomars.
Major Tomar rajput Villages in Dholpur are - Sunderpur, Diwan Ka Pura, Gunpur, Chilpura.

The Tomaras emerged around Narwar and Gwalior after the Tughlaqs subjugated the last of the Parihar Rajput chiefs of Gwalior.Similarly, Narwar (Shivpuri district) also passed on from Parihars to Yajvapala temporarily and then to Nihal tomars, who established Narwar Tomar dynasty that remained extant till 1508. This dynasty remained feudatory to the Gwalior Tomars.

2. Gwalera , Sunelias

Prince Tomar Achalbrahm moved to Chambal after fall of Delhi. In 1394 [46], his descendant Birsingh Tomar (1394-1400 CE),the zamindar of Isa-Manemola in Dandroli, then took advantage of the turmoil caused by Timur’s invasion to capture Gwalior from Turks. [47]. This is affirmed by the Gangola-tal Inscription [48]. Hence, he founded the Tomar dynasty of Gwalior.
This particular khaap became Gwalera Tomars, named after the Gwalior city.
Virasimhavaloka , a work on medicine, was written by Sarangdeva under the patronage of Virasimha [49]. Dungarsingh(1425-59) consolidated Gwalior as a power in Central India. During this period, Tomars established an absolute political control over Tomarghar, including the city of Narwar.

Assi Khamba Baori of Raja Mansimha Tomar(1486-1516 CE)

From September 1505 to May 1506, Skander Lodi invaded Gwalior, but was unable to capture the Gwalior fort because of Manasimha’s hit-and-run tactics. A scarcity of food resulting from Lodi’s destruction of crops forced Lodi to give up the siege. During his return to Agra, Manasimha ambushed his army near Jatwar, inflicting heavy casualties on the invaders [50]. Mansimha was followed by his son, Vikramaditya Tomar lost Gwalior after Ibrahmin Lodi and attained martyrdom in the First Battle of Panipat (1526)Vikramaditya’s son Ramshah Tomar and his grandson Shalivahan Singh led 300 Tomars at Haldighati Battle where both attained martyrdom [51]

Sunelia tomars and some Janghara tomars relocated to Vidisha. Sepoy Ramveer Singh Tomar of 15 Kumaon regiment, was martyred in a counter-insurgency operation in 2001, was from Prempura village, Porsa tehsil of Morena. He received Ashok Chakra for his services in Doda.

Ramprasad “Bismil” alias Ramprasad Singh Tomar was a freedom fighter from village Barwai (tehsil Porsa, Morena) [52], while athlete Paansingh Tomar was born in Bhidosa (tehsil Porsa, Morena).

Ramprasad Bismil; Source: here

IV. Tomars/Tanwars of Rajasthan

1. Descendants of Anangpal-II - the Jaula tomars

While Raja Anangpal-II was succeded by his youngest son Tejpal-I at Delhi, his other two sons - Amji and Salivahan moved to Rajasthan. Note:- he had only 3 sons. They are called Jwala Tomars.

(a) Runecha Jaulas/Jwalas of Pokhran

ramdevji tanwar
Panch-Pir Ramdeoji Tanwar(1352–1385 AD) was the chief of Runecha Jaulas of Pokhran

Amji Tomar established himself at Pokhran (Jaisalmer). His descendant Ajmalji Tanwar had 5 sons among which Veeramdeoji (founder of Veeramdevra), Ramdevji (founder of Ramdevra). Veeramdevji became the ruler of Pokhran, while his brother Ramdevji (1352–1385 AD) became the Thakur of Runecha or Ramdevra, where his descendants continued to rule until Independence.
Baba Ramdevji (1352-1385 CE) was a social reformer and an ishtdevta of Hindus and Muslims, Rajputs and Meghwal dalits. Ramdev is the chief deity of the Meghwal community, worshiped during Vedwa Punam (August – September) who even at times claim him as their own, owing to the fact that he was dharam-bhai of Dallibai Meghwal (whose samadhi is next to him, at Ramdevra) [53].

Muslims venerate Ramdev as Ramshah Pir or Rama Shah Peer . He was said to have had miraculous powers and his fame reached far and wide. Legend has it that five Pirs from Mecca came to test Ramdev’s powers. Ramdev welcomed them, and requested them to have lunch with him. After being convinced of his abilities and powers, they paid their homage to him and named him Rama Shah Peer [54][55].

His and his brothers’ descendants came to be called Runecha Jwalas, who are spreadout in Barmer Jaisalmer as well as many are found in Jaipur. Their current head is Rao Bhomsinghji Tanwar, a descendant of Ramdevji and the gaddipatti at Ramdevra.

(b) Tonwaravati Patan

Salunji alias Salivahan Tomar , being the second son, migrated to Bewa near Jaipur Salivahan Anangpal Tomar is taken as an ancestor by many Tomar khaaps. Saliwahan migrated to a place called Bewa near Jaipur in 1088. His grandson, Rao Dhothji Tanwar had three sons -

  1. Popatrajji Tomar had one son Peepalrajji, established Tonwarawati with Patan in Sikar district in 1156. Tonwaravati is a tract named after Tomar rajputs, that extends from Surajgarh (Jhunjhunu) in to Bairat/Viratnagar(Jaipur district).

The independent Thikana of Patan represents the head family of all Tanwars/Tomars. Bhawanisi Tomar, founded Buhana(Jhunjhunu)in 1234.Baba Umad Singh (Tanwar), a 19th century lok-devta was also from Buhana.

Rao Udoji, moved away from Patan and established Thikana Gaonri (or Gaondi) Mandholi jagir in Jaipur, was ruled by Meenas, who were ousted by the Jats who in turn were defeated by Sagaji Tanwar and Lakhaji Tanwar of Gaonri, two Jaula brothers in 1567 AD. This branch (called Udoji ka) is found in Mandholi, Gaonri, Puranabas, Apart from these, all other Jaula Tanwars with origins in Tonwarawati live in Tonwarawati itself - Asalji ka, Karnoji ka, Parasramji ka and Kelodji ka.

Captain Mahendra Singh Tanwar, Ashok Chakra, was from Biharipur village, Neem ka Thana, Sikar (Raj) [Ref: Sukhdeo Prasad Baranwal, Military year-book 1966, page 42] . Similarly, Naik Jairam Singh Tanwar who received Vir Chakra for his action in 1999 Kargil war, is from Dabla village, Neem Ka Thana (Sikar (Raj)). He served 2 Rajputana Rifles and quit the Army in 2011 to fight illegal mining near his village. [Ref: (]

Boraj Tanwaran jagir in Salumber thikana, Udaipur was bestowed for service against Marathas.

  1. Jayrathji Tomar had 4 sons — (1) Jatmalji’s descendants became Jatu tomars (2) Raghoji’s descendants - Raghu tomars (3) Rao Satrawat ji, founder of Satrawata tomars. However all these Tanwar khaaps spread towards east of Patan (Sikar) into neighbouring parts of Haryana. Narwal in Karnal is an important thikana of Jaula Tomars.

(3) Gwalera Ramshah Tomar’s descendants.

Abd al-Qadir Badayuni, a Mughal historian who fought against Ramshah in the Battle of Haldighati praised him in his book as follows -

“I saw a warrior who left the battle of the elephants on the right, reached the main part of the Mughal army and carried out terrifying manslaughter there. Ramshah, the grandson of the famous Raja Man Singh of Gwalior, who always remained in Rana’s Haraval (front row), showed such valor which is beyond the power of writing. Due to his powerful attack, the Rajputs of Mansingh kachwaha on the left side of Haraval had to flee and take shelter of the Sayyids of the right side, which also caused Asaf Khan to flee. If the Sayyid people had not kept fighting at that time, then the runaway army of the Haraval (front row) had created such a situation that we would have faced a shameful defeat.”[3

Gwalior’s Ramshah Tomar and his son Shalivahan attained martyrdom at the Battle of Haldighati in 1567. However, this Raja Salivahan Ramshah was survived by his three sons - Shyamshah, Mitrasen and Rao Dharmagat who continued to serve Mewar until Mewar-Mughal treaty of 1616. After that descendants served the Imperial armies and were given Thikanas in Lakhansar(Bikaner) , Daudsar (Bikaner) and Kelawa Kalan(Jodhpur) & Dalniya (Jaipur) by different States for rendering military services.

Khetasar(Bikaner) , Sawantsar (Bikaner), Unchaira (Bikaner), Khatipura (Jaipur), Chhinchhas (Marwar), , Shrinal (Kotah), , Kherli (Kotah).are also their descendants.

Note: - Dungergarh’s Sarsuwas has Kaliya khaap, descendants of Kaloji tanwar.

V. Tomars of Haryana & Gengetic plains (UP-Bihar).

1. Haryana

Anangpal Tomar is alleged to have established both Hansi (Hissar) (Ref: [here]( 3)) and Narnaul (present Mahendragarh) (Ref: here)
Jayrathji Tomar of Patan had four sons - Jatmalji Tomar became progenitor of Jatu tomars, which is found extensively in Bhiwani, Mahendragarh, Hissar, Gurgaon. It is the most extensive khaap of Tomar rajputs of Haryana. Jaitmalji Tomar (ancestor of Jatus), a grandson of Dothji Tomar of Tonwaravati was given a jagir in Bhiwani region by his father-in-law - a Saroya Chauhan Rajput. He later also brought and settled two of his brothers - Raghoji Tomar & Satraula Tomar in this Jagir. Neemsingh Jatu Tomar had established Bhiwani city [Ref:]. The power wielded by Jatu Tomars in 15th century can be judged from the fact, that only once Rao Bikaji killed Narsinghdas Jatu [56], a Tomar rajput quite powerful in Jangladesh, that he could conquer the region; similarly, both the Jatu tomars of Bhiwani as well as the Jatu tomars of Dadri (Haryana)resisted Rao Shekhaji Kachwaha’s invasion of Bhiwani and Dadri [57].

Air Marshal Prithi Singh ,PVSM, AVSM, VM Bar ,ADC, served IAF from 1953 to 1992, was a Jatu Tomar from Bapora (Bhiwani). He also served as Air Marshal Commanding-in-Chief in Western Air Command.

The former Chief of Army Staff, General V K Singh is also a Jatu tanwar.Bapora (read here) in Bhiwani is a famous village of Jatu tomars that has supplied many soldiers to the Armed forces. Other notable names from Bapora include : Col. BrijPal Singh, Vir Chakra, Retd, Ist D.I.G. B.S.F and founder of Haryana Rajput Shaba. Rifleman Mathan Singh Tanwar : Vir Chakra : Bapora Bhiwani :Haryana

There were 45 villages of Jatu Tomars in Bhiwani prior to Independence, of which 20 were Muslim Rajputs and the rest 25 Hindu Rajputs.

former Army Chief, General Vijay Kumar Singh, a Jatu Tomar

Rao Raghoji, founder of Raghu khaap, found in Ratera(Bhiwani) and Khanak(Tosham tehsil, Bhiwani). Rao Satrawat ji, founder of Satrawata khaap, found in Petwad (Hissar).Rao Jairawat ji, founder of Jairawata tomars, found in Bhairu-ka-Bans and Ahrod (teh Rewari, Rewari).
Most Muslim Tanwar rajputs of the region migrated to Pakistan upon partition. Apart from Bapora, other prominent Tanwar Rajput villages in Bhiwani are:- Dinod, Devsar, Tigrana, Haluwas, Paluwas, Kairu, Bajina, Dhani Mahu and a significant proportion of Bhiwani City comprises Tanwar Rajputs.
The largest Tanwar Rajput village in Mahendergarh, Dhanoda, followed by Kheri-Talwana, Bassai, Bhandor Unchi, Chitlang, Pali, Nombi, Bojawas, Pathera, Khudana.
Both Subedar Shardul Singh Tanwar, Vir Chakra & Subedar Ramswaroop Singh Tanwar, Victoria Cross were from Khedi Talwana ; Mahendagarh.

Kurukshetra had a Chaurasi of Tomar rajputs. The region of Fatehabad-Narwana bordereing Punjab has many villages of Muslim Tomar rajputs. Muslim Tomar rajputs also had 7 villages in Panipat till independence.
The largest Tanwar Rajput village in Yamuna Nagar is Maheshwari.

2. West-UP, Rohillkhand , Braj

Rithala locality in Delhi was a village established by Raja Rajpal Tomar of Sumal khaap in 1384 CE. It was headquarter of Tomar Rajputs of Sumal subclan; today it is a locality inhabited by many castes. Rithala lies in the rural-urban fringe of the North West Delhi District, in Delhi. It is an upcoming industrial cum residential area, located 15 km north-west of Kashmiri Gate and 9 km from Inderlok. Shahdara is 22 km in the south-east.

The Sattha-Chaurasi tract adjoining NCR has 84 villages of Tomar rajputs, predominantly in Ghaziabad. This branch is called “Chaurasi ke Tomars” and were established by Raja Ajaypala Tomar, a younger brother of Maharaj Anangpal-II in 11th century. Pilkhuwa in Hapur, was established by Tomar rajputs. Tomars of Mukimpur-Garhi (Pilkhuwa, Hapur) under their leader Gulab Singh fought the British in 1857, resulting in heavy casualties & destruction of the old fort.

Brig Jitendra Singh Tomar, was awarded Vir Chakra foro his action in Operation Cactus Lili in 1971. He currently lives in Meerut; Photo Credit: The War Decorated India Trust

Janghara rajputs are descendants of Jagpal Tomar, a grandson of Bilhandev Anangpal alias Jaula. Circa 11th century, with rise of Imperial Chauhan influence in Delhi, the Janghara tomars migrated to Katehar (now Rohillkhand) under the leadership of a warrior Dhapu Dham Tomar to who a famous couplet is dedicated “Neeche Dharti, upar Ram. Dono ke beech lade Dhapu Dham”. Here they clashed with Kateharia (Nikumbh) Rajputs and also expelled Ahir Gwalas from the tract [58]. Rajputs of Janghara tomar clan are found in , Badayun, Bareilly, Shahjahanpur , Lakhimpur Kheri & Bulandshahr. They had 84 villages in Badayun, 84 villages in Bareilly and 42 villages in Aligarh. Bulandshahr was established by Raja Parmal Tomar of this branch. [Ref: 3]

Agra has villages of Tomar rajputs of Inda khaap. Thakur Phool singh Tomar was a Freedom fighter village Dharera(Agra Distt.) [59]

Wrestler Alka Tomar Source: here

Another Tomar khaap called “Barah Tomar”, a sub-branch of Sumal Tomars resides in regions of Meerut-Muzzfarpur belt , where they were established by a prince, Vijaypal Tomar. There are 22 villages in tehsil Khautali, distt. Muzaffar Nagar and 24 villages in Mathura, bordering tehsil Garhmukteshwar of Hapur.
National Women Wrestling Champion and four times Commonwealth Gold medalist Alka Tomar, is from Sisoli village (teh Meerut, Meerut).

Katiyar Tomars are found in districts of Etah and Hardoi.[60].

3. East-UP, West Bihar.

Mitrasen Tomar, one of the three sons of Salivahan Ramshah Tomar, was made governor of Rohtasgarh in Bihar .

Beruwar is a one of the two Tomar subclans of Eastern UP, found in Balia and Mirzapur There are also some villages of this clan in Mithilanchal (Bihar) also. Hati is one of the prominent village of this clan. They first settled at Sagri and Muhammadabad of Azamgarh at a very early period, before migrating and conquering Kharid pargana of Balia where they took possessions of the Majhoa and Maniar tappas [61].
Some Tomar rajput villages in Ballia district are:- Kaithauli, Barsari, Mundiari, Halpur, Narayanpur, Karramer, , Jigidsar.
There is another branch of this clan in pargana Saidpur, Ghaziabad distt[62].

Poet & Politician Anand Mohan Singh is a Tilota Tomar from Saharsa

Tilota tomars are another khaap of Tomar rajputs in this region, found in Ara, Shahbad and Bhojpur districts.


  1. ↩︎

  2. Text of the Puranic list of Peoples, Indian Historical Quarterly, 1945, p. 304 ↩︎

  3. Dasratha Sharma, New Light on the Tomaras of Delhi, PIHC,1956, p. 150 ↩︎

  4. VarAhamihira’s Brhatsamhita, v 4.25ab; v 11.59cd; v 14.25ab; v 16.21cd; v 17.19cd. ↩︎

  5. Evolution of Heroic Tradition in Ancient Punjab, 1971, p 110, Buddha Prakash. ↩︎

  6. ↩︎

  7. Alexander Cunningham ↩︎

  8. Harihar Niwas Dwivedi,Tomars of Delhi, p. 189 ↩︎

  9. Alexander Cunningham, ed. (1871); ASI: Reports 1862-1884,p. 149 ↩︎

  10. Dr Mahendra Singh Tanwar, History of Tomars, p. 45 ↩︎

  11. Upinder Singh, A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Centur , p. 571 ↩︎

  12. Epigraphia Indica-1, pp. 242 ↩︎

  13. Tanwar, ibid, p. 48 ↩︎

  14. Epigraphia Indica-41, pp. 49-57 ↩︎

  15. ibid. ↩︎

  16. Epigraphia Indica-1, pp. 242 ↩︎

  17. Tanwar, ibid, p. 55 ↩︎

  18. Munhot Nainsi, Khyat, Vol III, p. 189 ↩︎

  19. James Princep, Essays on Indian Antiquitties, p. 304 ↩︎

  20. Dasratha Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties, p. 31 ↩︎

  21. Tanwar, ibid, p. 57 ↩︎

  22. Sharma, ibid, p. 33 ↩︎

  23. Princep, ibid, p.330 ↩︎

  24. Elliot Dowson, p. 36 ↩︎

  25. Cambridge History of India, Vol-3, p. 19 ↩︎

  26. Dwivedi, ibid, p. 232-235 ↩︎

  27. ibid ↩︎

  28. D.C. Ganguly, A Comprehensive History of India (A. D. 300-985), p. 704 ↩︎

  29. Rajasthan Bharati, Tomar rajputs of Delhi, Vol. III,p. 20 ↩︎

  30. Cynthia Talbot (2015). The Last Hindu Emperor: Prithviraj Cauhan and the Indian Past, 1200–2000 ↩︎

  31. Ronald Vivian Smith, The Delhi that No-One Knows, p. 29 ↩︎

  32. Buddha Prakash, Aspects of Indian History and Civilization, p. 182 ↩︎

  33. Dwivedi, ibid, p. 295-96 ↩︎

  34. Tanwar, ibid, pp. 202-203 ↩︎

  35. Hutchinson & Vogel; History of Panjab Hills, p. 213 ↩︎

  36. Ashok Jerath, Forts and Palacies of Western Himalayas, p. 56-57 ↩︎

  37. ibid, p. 36-37 ↩︎

  38. ibid, p. 51 ↩︎

  39. ibid ↩︎

  40. ↩︎

  41. Epilogue, Vol 3, Issue 3, p. 47 ↩︎

  42. ↩︎

  43. ↩︎

  44. Rima Hooja, A history of Rajasthan, p. 411 ↩︎

  45. Kishori Saran Lal (1963), Twilight of the Sultanat, p. 174 ↩︎

  46. Sant Lal Katare (1975). B J Sandesara (ed.), Two Gangolatal, Gwalior, Inscriptions of the Tomara Kings of Gwalior, Journal of the Oriental Institute . Oriental Institute, Maharajah Sayajirao University. XXIII, pp. 350 ↩︎

  47. Gwalior; Madhya Pradesh District Gazetter, p. 22 ↩︎

  48. Sant Lal Katare (1975). B J Sandesara (ed.), Two Gangolatal, Gwalior, Inscriptions of the Tomara Kings of Gwalior*, p. 343-345 ↩︎

  49. ibid,p. 345 ↩︎

  50. K S Lal, ibid, p. 177 ↩︎

  51. B. D. Misra (1993), Forts and fortresses of Gwalior and its hinterlan, p. 158-159 ↩︎

  52. ↩︎

  53. Gokuldas, Meghwal Itihaas. ↩︎

  54. Bardwell L. Smith, Hinduism: New Essays in the History of Religions,p. 138-139 ↩︎

  55. J. J. Roy Burman ,Gujarat Unknown: Hindu-Muslim Syncretism and Humanistic, pp. 114–115. ↩︎

  56. Nainsi ri Khyat, Vol. III, p. 15 ↩︎

  57. Rima Hooja, A history of Rajasthan, p. 399 ↩︎

  58. A H Bingley, Castes, Tribes & Cultures of Rajputs, p. 88-89 ↩︎

  59. K C Yadav, Ramesvara Dasa, Rebels against the Raj, p. 65 ↩︎

  60. A H Bingley, Handbook of Rajputs, p. 96-97 ↩︎

  61. HR Neville, Ballia: A Gazetteer; p. 73 ↩︎

  62. ibid ↩︎